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Statistical Constraints for Astrometric Binaries with Nonlinear Motion
Useful constraints on the orbits and mass ratios of astrometric binariesin the Hipparcos catalog are derived from the measured proper motiondifferences of Hipparcos and Tycho-2 (Δμ), accelerations ofproper motions (μ˙), and second derivatives of proper motions(μ̈). It is shown how, in some cases, statistical bounds can beestimated for the masses of the secondary components. Two catalogs ofastrometric binaries are generated, one of binaries with significantproper motion differences and the other of binaries with significantaccelerations of their proper motions. Mathematical relations betweenthe astrometric observables Δμ, μ˙, and μ̈ andthe orbital elements are derived in the appendices. We find a remarkabledifference between the distribution of spectral types of stars withlarge accelerations but small proper motion differences and that ofstars with large proper motion differences but insignificantaccelerations. The spectral type distribution for the former sample ofbinaries is the same as the general distribution of all stars in theHipparcos catalog, whereas the latter sample is clearly dominated bysolar-type stars, with an obvious dearth of blue stars. We point outthat the latter set includes mostly binaries with long periods (longerthan about 6 yr).

Rotational velocities of A-type stars in the northern hemisphere. II. Measurement of v sin i
This work is the second part of the set of measurements of v sin i forA-type stars, begun by Royer et al. (\cite{Ror_02a}). Spectra of 249 B8to F2-type stars brighter than V=7 have been collected at Observatoirede Haute-Provence (OHP). Fourier transforms of several line profiles inthe range 4200-4600 Å are used to derive v sin i from thefrequency of the first zero. Statistical analysis of the sampleindicates that measurement error mainly depends on v sin i and thisrelative error of the rotational velocity is found to be about 5% onaverage. The systematic shift with respect to standard values fromSlettebak et al. (\cite{Slk_75}), previously found in the first paper,is here confirmed. Comparisons with data from the literature agree withour findings: v sin i values from Slettebak et al. are underestimatedand the relation between both scales follows a linear law ensuremath vsin inew = 1.03 v sin iold+7.7. Finally, thesedata are combined with those from the previous paper (Royer et al.\cite{Ror_02a}), together with the catalogue of Abt & Morrell(\cite{AbtMol95}). The resulting sample includes some 2150 stars withhomogenized rotational velocities. Based on observations made atObservatoire de Haute Provence (CNRS), France. Tables \ref{results} and\ref{merging} are only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/393/897

Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS) - Third edition - Comments and statistics
The Catalogue, available at the Centre de Données Stellaires deStrasbourg, consists of 13 573 records concerning the results obtainedfrom different methods for 7778 stars, reported in the literature. Thefollowing data are listed for each star: identifications, apparentmagnitude, spectral type, apparent diameter in arcsec, absolute radiusin solar units, method of determination, reference, remarks. Commentsand statistics obtained from CADARS are given. The Catalogue isavailable in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcar?J/A+A/367/521

Composite spectraPaper 9: HR 5983
HR 5983 is a sixth-magnitude composite-spectrum binary system. It has acircular orbit and a period of 108d. We separate the component spectraand show that they are of types ~G6IIIa and A2.5IV, with a mass ratio(giant:dwarf) of ~1.04. We find that the secondary has a mass close to2.6Msolar and has already evolved somewhat from the mainsequence, and that the primary appears to have reached thehelium-burning `blue loop' stage and is in synchronous rotation. Thesystem resembles Capella in several respects, and may represent anearlier phase in the evolution of the latter.

Composite spectra Paper 8: HD 4615/6
HD 4615/6 is a seventh-magnitude composite-spectrum binary system. Ithas an orbit of moderate eccentricity (0.43) and a period of 303 d. Thesystem is of course unresolved at the telescope, but we are able toseparate the spectra of the component stars and show that they are oftypes K2 III (HD 4615) and A2.5 V (HD 4616), with a mass ratio(giant:dwarf) of approximately 1.25. The orbital inclination is high,but there are no eclipses. The maximum apparent angular separation isexpected to be about 0.009 arcsec. Neither star's rotation issynchronized with the orbital motion.

Speckle Interferometry of New and Problem HIPPARCOS Binaries
The ESA Hipparcos satellite made measurements of over 12,000 doublestars and discovered 3406 new systems. In addition to these, 4706entries in the Hipparcos Catalogue correspond to double star solutionsthat did not provide the classical parameters of separation and positionangle (rho,theta) but were the so-called problem stars, flagged ``G,''``O,'' ``V,'' or ``X'' (field H59 of the main catalog). An additionalsubset of 6981 entries were treated as single objects but classified byHipparcos as ``suspected nonsingle'' (flag ``S'' in field H61), thusyielding a total of 11,687 ``problem stars.'' Of the many ground-basedtechniques for the study of double stars, probably the one with thegreatest potential for exploration of these new and problem Hipparcosbinaries is speckle interferometry. Results are presented from aninspection of 848 new and problem Hipparcos binaries, using botharchival and new speckle observations obtained with the USNO and CHARAspeckle cameras.

Frequency of Binaries in the Open Cluster Trumpler 14
We present new spectroscopic data for nine objects among the brighteststars in the field of the open cluster Trumpler 14. Radial velocitieswere measured from around 80 new spectrograms in order to provide moreinformation about the binary nature of these objects. From thismaterial, we conclude that at least two of the stars in the sample areradial-velocity variables, one of them showing double He i features.

The nearby ellipsoidal variable TV Pictoris
TVPic is identified as a bright, near-contact mid-A+early-F binary seenunder a moderate inclination of 54degr . From the analyses reported inthis paper, it appears that both components are undermassive (1.2+0.4M_ȯ), and that the secondary rotates not synchronously but morethan twice as fast. These conclusions follow from the analysis of (1)high-dispersion spectra near both quadrature phases, to which thesecondary contributes roughly 10% in the visual light, and (2)light-curves in the Stromgren and Walraven system covering the interval3200-5600 { Angstroms} and a time span of more than 2600 rotationalperiods. The light-curves show a very pronounced O'Connell effect, andonly marginal colour variations. Models assuming a temperature spoteither on the primary or the secondary explain the major part of theasymmetry in the light-curves, and are intended to provide usefulinitial estimates for more advanced mathematical codes. However, a morerealistic physical model will require more discriminatory data,including spectroscopic observations in other spectral windows, andspectroscopy over the whole orbital cycle. Based on observationsobtained at the European Southern Observatory (ESO), La Silla, Chile

The Tokyo PMC catalog 90-93: Catalog of positions of 6649 stars observed in 1990 through 1993 with Tokyo photoelectric meridian circle
The sixth annual catalog of the Tokyo Photoelectric Meridian Circle(PMC) is presented for 6649 stars which were observed at least two timesin January 1990 through March 1993. The mean positions of the starsobserved are given in the catalog at the corresponding mean epochs ofobservations of individual stars. The coordinates of the catalog arebased on the FK5 system, and referred to the equinox and equator ofJ2000.0. The mean local deviations of the observed positions from theFK5 catalog positions are constructed for the basic FK5 stars to comparewith those of the Tokyo PMC Catalog 89 and preliminary Hipparcos resultsof H30.

Non-LTE Abundance Analyses of Nitrogen and Sulfur in Chemically Peculiar Stars of the Upper Main Sequence
The LTE and non-LTE abundances of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) inchemically peculiar stars of the upper main sequence were derived fromthe NI and SI lines observed in a near-infrared spectral region. Thesample consisted of 11 stars: three HgMn stars, two Am stars, threemagnetic Ap (SrCrEu) stars, two weak-lined stars, and one normal star.The following results were obtained: (1) the LTE abundances of N suffera large non-LTE effect with correction factors of up to -0.6 dex, whilethose of S suffer a minor non-LTE effect with correction factors of upto -0.2 dex; (2) the non-LTE abundances of N are systematically belowsolar value among the sample stars. Although the deficiencies of N aremild in the normal and weak-lined stars, they are enhanced by a factorof up to 2 dex in HgMn stars. A star-to-star variation with a range of 1dex or more in the N deficiency is shown in Am and SrCrEu stars; (3) thenon-LTE abundances of S are solar or slightly overabundant among thesample stars, except for SrCrEu stars. S is systematically deficientrelative to the Sun by a factor of >~ 0.7 dex in SrCrEu stars.

The Relation between Rotational Velocities and Spectral Peculiarities among A-Type Stars
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995ApJS...99..135A&db_key=AST

Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.

The second Quito astrolabe catalogue
The paper contains 515 individual corrections {DELTA}α and 235corrections {DELTA}δ to FK5 and FK5Supp. stars and 50 correctionsto their proper motions computed from observations made with theclassical Danjon astrolabe OPL-13 at Quito Astronomical Observatory ofEcuador National Polytechnical School during a period from 1964 to 1983.These corrections cover the declination zone from -30deg to +30deg. Meanprobable errors of catalogue positions are 0.047" in αcosδand 0.054" in δ. The systematic trends of the catalogue{DELTA}αalpha_cosδ,{DELTA}αdelta_cosδ,{DELTA}δalpha_, {DELTA}δdelta_ arepresented for the observed zone.

Corrections to the right ascension to be applied to the apparent places of 1217 stars given in "The Chinese Astronomical Almanach" for the year 1984 to 1992.
Not Available

Spectroscopic binaries in the Alpha Persei cluster
An average of 16 radial velocity measures for each of the 28 brightest(B3-A2) cluster members and found four binaries was obtained. Theresulting binary frequency of 14 percent is, like the previous 20percent for the B6-A1 stars in the Pleiades, unusually low compared witha typical 30 percent for early-type field stars or with 30 percent ormore in other open clusters. These two clusters are the only known oneswith unusually high mean rotational velocities. It is suspected that themean rotational velocities are high either because these clusters lackshort-period binaries or are not old enough for synchronization ofrotational and orbital velocities to have occurred. The four AlphaPersei binaries are all relatively wide ones (greater than 20 d) andwith small mass ratios (0.1-0.5). The same results apply to the youngOrion Nebula cluster. These results can be explained in terms of theformation of binaries by capture in that during the first free-falltime, capture will produce wide binaries with small mass ratios, as inthe Orion Nebula and Alpha Persei clusters, but repeated captures anddisruptions will produce more closely spaced binaries with many massratios near 1.0, as in IC 4665.

Optical Spectra of Zeta-Aurigae Binary Systems - Part Three - the 1989 Eclipse of Tau-Persei
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1992A&A...254..289G&db_key=AST

Fifth fundamental catalogue. Part 2: The FK5 extension - new fundamental stars
The mean positions and proper motions for 3117 new fundamental starsessentially in the magnitude range about 4.5 to 9.5 are given in thisFK5 extension. Mean apparent visual magnitude is 7.2 and is on average2.5 magnitudes fainter then the basic FK5 which has a mean magnitude of4.7. (The basic FK5 gives the mean positions and proper motions for theclassical 1535 fundamental stars). The following are discussed: theobservational material, reduction of observations, star selection, andthe system for the FK5 extension. An explanation and description of thecatalog are given. The catalog of 3117 fundamental stars for the equinoxand epoch J2000.0 and B1950.0 is presented. The parallaxes and radialvelocities for 22 extension stars with large forecasting effects aregiven. Catalogs used in the compilation of the FK5 fundamental catalogare listed.

The stellar temperature scale for stars of spectral types from O8 to F6 and the standard deviation of the MK spectral classification
Empirical effective temperature of 211 early-type stars found in aprevious investigation (Kontizas and Theodossiou, 1980; Theodossiou,1985) are combined with the effective temperatures of 313 early-typestars from the literature. From these effective temperatures of a totalnumber of 524 early-type stars of spectral types from O8 to F6 a newstellar temperature scale is developed along with the standard deviationof the MK spectral classification.

Carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen abundances in the chemically peculiar stars of the upper main sequence
Low-noise, high-resolution Reticon spectra are used to obtain C, N, andO abundances for chemically peculiar stars with surface temperaturesbetween 7,000 and 15,000 K. The analysis includes C I, C II, N I, and OI lines for 13 Am and related stars, nine Hg-Mn stars, 15 magnetic Apstars, and five standard stars. The C and O abundances show a roughlymonotonic increase with surface temperature. The C and O results are ingeneral agreement with radiative diffusion theory. The N abundances,however, show that N is slightly deficient in cool nonmagnetic stars andvery deficient above 10,000 K in nonmagnetic stars. The results for Ndisagree with simple diffusion predictions, suggesting that a moredetailed model is needed for partially ionized N near the stellarsurface.

The late A-type stars - Refined MK classification, confrontation with Stromgren photometry, and the effects of rotation
The MK spectral classification for late A-type stars is refined and theeffects of rotation of spectral classification and uvby(beta) photometryfor these stars are examined. It is found that, for A3 stars, the4417/4481 A wavelength ratio produces results that are inconsistent withthe Stark broadening of the H lines. It is suggested that this ratio isnot useful as a luminosity criterion at any spectral type.Self-consistent sequences of narrow- and broadline standards areestablished. The results of the refined classification system arecompared with Stromgren photometry, showing a set of low-v sin i A-typestars with anomalously large delta(c1) indices for theirluminosity types. It is proposed that these stars are rapid rotatorsseen at fairly low inclination angles.

Stellar integrated fluxes in the wavelength range 380 NM - 900 NM derived from Johnson 13-colour photometry
Petford et al. (1988) have reported measured integrated fluxes for 216stars with a wide spread of spectral type and luminosity, and mentionedthat a cubic-spline integration over the relevant Johnson 13-colormagnitudes, converted to fluxes using Johnson's calibration, is inexcellent agreement with those measurements. In this paper a list of thefluxes derived in this way, corrected for a small dependence on B-V, isgiven for all the 1215 stars in Johnson's 1975 catalog with completeentries.

Radial velocities in selected B-G stars
Spectroscopic observations of a sample of nearby B-G stars are reported.The observations were obtained at resolution 19 km/s in the spectralregion near the 448.1228-nm line of Mg II using a CCD-detectorspectrograph on the coude-feed telescope at KPNO on April 16-20, 1986.The data are presented in extensive tables and briefly characterized.

Rotation velocities of metallic-line stars
The rotation velocities (V sin i) of 81 Am stars were determined usingspectra of dispersion 15 A/mm. The profiles of Fe I 4045 A and Sr II4215 A lines were compared with the computed profiles. The line widthand its ratio to the central depth are found to be most sensitive to therotation velocity. The hydrogen spectral types obtained from the H-gammaequivalent width are also given. It is noted that the extremal Am starHR 4646 has a relatively high rotation velocity of at least 70 km/s.

Ultraviolet and visible photometric parameters for the AM stars
Some attempts to detect Am stars photometrically are presented. Theydeal with both ground-based photometry (Geneva system) and UVspectrophotometry and photometry from the TD-1 satellite data. For thispurpose a reddening-free parameter m is defined in the Genevaphotometric system. Spectrophotometric features possibly characteristicof the Am phenomenon are presented. As a conclusion, based on thecorrelation between spectral classification and the various parametersand features as well as the Kurucz (1979) stellar model atmospheres, them parameter is found to be most reliable and able to select stars with ahigh probability of being Am.

Observed and computed UV spectral distribution of A and F stars
An automatic and fast procedure was implemented to determineTe and log g from the comparison of the UV S 2/68 spectrawith the Kurucz models. The method has been applied to all A and F starswith (B-V)0 greater than or equal to 0 and luminosity classes III, IV,IV-V, and V, included in the Ultraviolet Bright-Star SpectrophotometricCatalogue. From the analysis, it appears that the models match theobserved fluxes fairly well and that the effective temperatures derivedfrom the UV data agree with those derived from Stromgren photometricindices within 200 K.

The ultraviolet energy distributions of late A stars
Observed late A star energy distributions for the wavelength range1400-2500 A are compared. No difference is found between energydistributions of Am stars and those of normal slowly rotating A stars.The fluxes of rapidly rotating stars, however, appear to be increasedfor wavelengths smaller than 1530 A; this cannot be understood as aneffect of pole heating or reduced gravity. In addition, the comparisonof the UV energy distributions with model atmosphere energydistributions of Kurucz indicates some problems with the theoretical SiI absorption edges at 1530 A.

Catalog of profiles and equivalent widths of the CA II K line in the spectra of metallic-line stars
Profiles of the Ca II K line for 87 bright Am, A, and F stars weremeasured on spectrograms with a dispersion of 15 A/mm. Halfwidths of theprofiles for fixed values of line depth, central depths, and equivalentwidths are presented. In contrast to the case of peculiar stars, theobserved K-line profiles in the metallic-line stars do not show anypeculiar structure.

Secondary standards for BVRI photometry
A thorough test of Fernie's instrumentation system for matching theJohnson BVRI photometric system has been made. From 1,526 observationsof 186 stars in the Arizona-Tonantzintla Catalogue, there were foundexcellent transformations, except for a slight curvature in the (B-V)transformation, which is easily removed, and a difficulty in (R-I) forhighly reddened stars. Photometric values and their uncertainties aregiven for all the stars, and these are of sufficient quality to serve assecondary standards in BVRI for small- to moderate-size telescopes(1-m).

Spectral classification from the ultraviolet line features of S2/68 spectra. III - Early A-type stars
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1978A&AS...33...15C&db_key=AST

Five-channel photometry of cepheids and supergiants in the southern Milky Way.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1976A&AS...24..413P&db_key=AST

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:16h12m00.00s
Apparent magnitude:4.94
Distance:50.531 parsecs
Proper motion RA:-9.7
Proper motion Dec:-14.4
B-T magnitude:5.062
V-T magnitude:4.942

Catalogs and designations:
Proper Names
Bayerψ Sco
Flamsteed15 Sco
HD 1989HD 145570
TYCHO-2 2000TYC 5616-1294-1
USNO-A2.0USNO-A2 0750-09508406
BSC 1991HR 6031
HIPHIP 79375

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