|Improved Astrometry and Photometry for the Luyten Catalog. II. Faint Stars and the Revised Catalog|
We complete construction of a catalog containing improved astrometry andnew optical/infrared photometry for the vast majority of NLTT starslying in the overlap of regions covered by POSS I and by the secondincremental Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) release, approximately 44%of the sky. The epoch 2000 positions are typically accurate to 130 mas,the proper motions to 5.5 mas yr-1, and the V-J colors to0.25 mag. Relative proper motions of binary components are measured to 3mas yr-1. The false-identification rate is ~1% for11<~V<~18 and substantially less at brighter magnitudes. Theseimprovements permit the construction of a reduced proper-motion diagramthat, for the first time, allows one to classify NLTT stars intomain-sequence (MS) stars, subdwarfs (SDs), and white dwarfs (WDs). We inturn use this diagram to analyze the properties of both our catalog andthe NLTT catalog on which it is based. In sharp contrast to popularbelief, we find that NLTT incompleteness in the plane is almostcompletely concentrated in MS stars, and that SDs and WDs are detectedalmost uniformly over the sky δ>-33deg. Our catalogwill therefore provide a powerful tool to probe these populationsstatistically, as well as to reliably identify individual SDs and WDs.
|The stellar mass ratio of GK Persei|
We study the absorption lines present in the spectra of the long-periodcataclysmic variable GK Per during its quiescent state, which areassociated with the secondary star. By comparing quiescent data withoutburst spectra we infer that the donor star appears identical duringthe two states and the inner face of the secondary star is notnoticeably irradiated by flux from the accreting regions. We obtain newvalues for the radial velocity semi-amplitude of the secondary star,KK=120.5+/-0.7kms-1, a projected rotationalvelocity, VKsini=61.5+/-11.8kms-1, andconsequently a measurement of the stellar mass ratio of GK Per,q=MK/MWD=0.55+/-0.21. The inferred white dwarfradial velocities are greater than those measured traditionally usingthe wings of Doppler-broadened emission lines suspected to originate inan accretion disc, highlighting the unsuitability of emission lines formass determinations in cataclysmic variables. We determine mass limitsfor both components in the binary,MK>=0.48+/-0.32Msolar andMWD>=0.87+/-0.24Msolar.
|Solving the kilosecond quasi-periodic oscillation problem of the intermediate polar GK Persei|
We detect the likely optical counterpart to previously reported X-rayQPOs in spectrophotometry of the intermediate polar GK Per during the1996 dwarf nova outburst. The characteristic time-scales range between4000 and 6000 s. Although the QPOs are an order of magnitude longer thanthose detected in the other dwarf novae we show that a new QPO model isnot required to explain the long time-scale observed. We demonstratethat the observations are consistent with oscillations being the resultof normal time-scale QPOs beating with the spin period of the whitedwarf. We determine the spectral class of the companion to be consistentwith its quiescent classification and find no significant evidence forirradiation over its inner face. We detect the white dwarf spin periodin line fluxes, V/R ratios and Doppler-broadened emission profiles.
|New proper motion determination of Luyten catalogue stars (LTT) with declination between -5(deg) and -30(deg) and right ascension between 0h and 13h 30m|
Data are given for 353 LTT stars found on 42 areas, covering 25 squaredegrees each, with declination between -5(deg) and -30(deg) and rightascension between 0h and 13h 30m. Nineteen stars present differences inproper motion >= 0('') 10, twenty present differences in positionangle >= 20(deg) and six present those differences in both values.Table 2 only available in electronic foun at CDS viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html. Finding charts only availablein the electronic version.
|Classification of Population II Stars in the Vilnius Photometric System. I. Methods|
The methods used for classification of Population II stars in theVilnius photometric system are described. An extensive set of standardswith known astrophysical parameters compiled from the literature sourcesis given. These standard stars are classified in the Vilnius photometricsystem using the methods described. The accuracy of classification isevaluated by a comparison of the astrophysical parameters derived fromthe Vilnius photometric system with those estimated from spectroscopicstudies as well as from photometric data in other systems. For dwarfsand subdwarfs, we find a satisfactory agreement between our reddeningsand those estimated in the uvbyscriptstyle beta system. The standarddeviation of [Fe/H] deter mined in the Vilnius system is about 0.2 dex.The absolute magnitude for dwarfs and subdwarfs is estimated with anaccuracy of scriptstyle <=0.5 mag.
|Ca II H and K Filter Photometry on the UVBY System. II. The Catalog of Observations|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995AJ....109.2828T&db_key=AST
|Evolved GK stars near the sun. I - The old disk population|
A sample of nearly two thousand GK giants with intermediate band, (R,I),DDO and Geneva photometry has been assembled. Astrometric data is alsoavailable for most of the stars. The some 800 members of the old diskpopulation in the sample yield accurate luminosities (from two sources),reddening values and chemical abundances from calibrations of thephotometric parameters. Less than one percent of the objects arepeculiar in the sense that the flux distribution is abnormal. Thepeculiarity is signaled by strong CH (and Ba II) and weak CH. The CH+stars are all spectroscopic binaries, probably with white dwarfcompanions, whereas the CH- stars are not. A broad absorption band,centered near 3500 A, is found in the CH+ stars whereas the CH- objectshave a broad emission feature in the same region. The intensity of theseabsorptions and emissions are independent of the intensity of abnormalspectral features. Ten percent of the old disk sample have a heavyelement abundance from one and a half to three times the solar value.The distribution of the heavy element abundances is nearly a normal onewith a peak near solar abundance and ranges three times to one sixthsolar. The distribution of the (U, V) velocities is independent of theheavy element abundance and does not appear to be random. Ten percent ofthe old disk stars show a CN anomaly, equally divided between CN strongand CN weak. Several stars of individual astrometric or astrophysicalimportance are isolated.
|Large and kinematically unbiased samples of G- and K-type stars. IV - Evolved stars of the old disk population|
Modified Stromgren and (R,I) photometry, along with DDO and Genevaphotometry, are presented for a complete sample of evolved old-disk Gand K giants in the Bright Star Catalogue. Stars with ages of between1.5 x 10 to the 9th and 10 to the 10th yr are found to have anear-normal distribution of heavy element abundances, centered on anFe/H abundance ratio of -0.1 dex. The old disk clusters NGC 3680 and IC4651 contain red-straggler young-disk giants that are probablycontemporaries of the blue stragglers in the clusters.
|Large and kinematically unbiased samples of G- and K-type stars. II - Observations of evolved stars in the Bright Star sample. III - Evolved young disk stars in the Bright Star sample|
Four color and RI observations were obtained for a large sample ofG-type and K-type stars in the Bright Star Catalogue. Data are firstpresented for 110 evolved stars. Photometry of evolved young diskpopulation stars have then been calibrated for luminosity, reddening,and metallicity on the basis of results for members of the Hyades andSirius superclusters. New DDO results are given for 120 stars.
|Narrow-band photometry of late-type stars. II|
This paper presents extensive narrow-band photometry in the Uppsalasystem supplementing earlier published mesurements so that data now areavailable for all late-type stars brighter than V = 6.05 and a number ofgalactic cluster members. Numerous UBV and BV measurements are alsopublished. The data are used to determine relations for the predictionof UBV intrinsic colors for late-type stars from the narrow-bandmeasurements. The main purpose of the data is to constitute the basisfor the determination of solar-neighborhood space densities of late-typestars, mainly giants of different kinds; these space densities will becombined with narrow-band data for fainter stars in the north Galacticpole region to yield the decrease of space density with distance fromthe galactic plane for many kinds of late-type stars.
|E. W. Fick Observatory stellar radial velocity measurements. I - 1976-1984|
Stellar radial velocity observations made with the large vacuumhigh-dispersion photoelectric radial velocity spectrometer at FickObservatory are reported. This includes nearly 2000 late-type starsobserved during 585 nights. Gradual modifications to this instrumentover its first eight years of operation have reduced the observationalerror for high-quality dip observations to + or - 0.8 km/s.
|Radial velocities of southern stars obtained with the photoelectric scanner CORAVEL. III - 790 late-type bright stars|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1985A&AS...59...15A&db_key=AST
|Radial velocities of southern HR stars|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1980PASP...92..713B&db_key=AST
|MK Spectral Types for 185 Bright Stars|