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Late-Time Radio Observations of 68 Type Ibc Supernovae: Strong Constraints on Off-Axis Gamma-Ray Bursts
We present late-time radio observations of 68 local Type Ibc supernovae,including six events with broad optical absorption lines(``hypernovae''). None of these objects exhibit radio emissionattributable to off-axis gamma-ray burst jets spreading into our line ofsight. Comparison with our afterglow models reveals the followingconclusions. (1) Less than ~10% of Type Ibc supernovae are associatedwith typical gamma-ray bursts initially directed away from our line ofsight; this places an empirical constraint on the GRB beaming factor of<~104, corresponding toan average jet opening angle, θj>~0.8d. (2) Thisholds in particular for the broad-lined supernovae (SNe 1997dq, 1997ef,1998ey, 2002ap, 2002bl, and 2003jd), which have been argued to host GRBjets. Our observations reveal no evidence for typical (or evensubenergetic) GRBs and rule out the scenario in which every broad-linedSN harbors a GRB at the 84% confidence level. Their large photosphericvelocities and asymmetric ejecta (inferred from spectropolarimetry andnebular spectroscopy) appear to be characteristic of the nonrelativisticSN explosion and do not necessarily imply the existence of associatedGRB jets.

Classifications of the Host Galaxies of Supernovae, Set II
Classifications on the DDO system are given for an additional 231 hostgalaxies of supernovae that have been discovered during the course ofthe Lick Observatory Supernova Search with the Katzman Automatic ImagingTelescope (KAIT). This brings the total number of hosts of supernovae(SNe) discovered (or independently rediscovered) by KAIT, which have sofar been classified on a homogeneous system, to 408. The probabilitythat SNe Ia and SNe II have a different distribution of host-galaxyHubble types is found to be 99.7%. A significant difference is alsofound between the distributions of the host galaxies of SNe Ia and ofSNe Ibc (defined here to include SNe Ib, Ib/c, and Ic). However, nosignificant difference is detected between the frequency distributionsof the host galaxies of SNe II and SNe IIn. This suggests that SNe IInare generally not SNe Ia embedded in circumstellar material that aremasquerading as SNe II. Furthermore, no significant difference is foundbetween the distribution of the Hubble types of the hosts of SNe Ibc andof SNe II. Additionally, SNe II-P and SNe II-L are found to occur amongsimilar stellar populations. The ratio of the number of SNe Ia-pec tonormal SNe Ia appears to be higher in early-type galaxies than it is ingalaxies of later morphological types. This suggests that the ancestorsof SNe Ia-pec may differ systematically in age or composition from theprogenitors of normal SNe Ia. Unexpectedly, five SNe of Types Ib/c, II,and IIn (all of which are thought to have massive progenitors) are foundin host galaxies that are nominally classified as types E and S0.However, in each case the galaxy classification is uncertain, or newlyinspected images show evidence suggesting a later classification. Amongthese five objects, NGC 3720, the host galaxy of SN 2002at, wasapparently misidentified in the Carnegie Atlas of Galaxies.

FLASH redshift survey - I. Observations and catalogue
The FLAIR Shapley-Hydra (FLASH) redshift survey catalogue consists of4613 galaxies brighter than bJ= 16.7 (corrected for Galacticextinction) over a 700-deg2 region of sky in the generaldirection of the Local Group motion. The survey region is a70°× 10° strip spanning the sky from the ShapleySupercluster to the Hydra cluster, and contains 3141 galaxies withmeasured redshifts. Designed to explore the effect of the galaxyconcentrations in this direction (in particular the Supergalactic planeand the Shapley Supercluster) upon the Local Group motion, the 68 percent completeness allows us to sample the large-scale structure betterthan similar sparsely-sampled surveys. The survey region does notoverlap with the areas covered by ongoing wide-angle (Sloan or 2dF)complete redshift surveys. In this paper, the first in a series, wedescribe the observation and data reduction procedures, the analysis forthe redshift errors and survey completeness, and present the surveydata.

Supernova 2002jp in NGC 3313
IAUC 8041 available at Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams.

Supernova 2002jp in NGC 3313
IAUC 8031 available at Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams.

Galaxies with Rows
The results of a search for galaxies with straight structural elements,usually spiral-arm rows (“rows” in the terminology ofVorontsov-Vel'yaminov), are reported. The list of galaxies that possess(or probably possess) such rows includes about 200 objects, of whichabout 70% are brighter than 14m. On the whole, galaxies with rows makeup 6 8% of all spiral galaxies with well-developed spiral patterns. Mostgalaxies with rows are gas-rich Sbc-Scd spirals. The fraction ofinteracting galaxies among them is appreciably higher than amonggalaxies without rows. Earlier conclusions that, as a rule, the lengthsof rows are similar to their galactocentric distances and that theangles between adjacent rows are concentrated near 120° areconfirmed. It is concluded that the rows must be transient hydrodynamicstructures that develop in normal galaxies.

Using Hubble Space Telescope images to identify straight segments in galaxy nuclear spirals
This Letter reports the discovery of straight segments of nuclear spiralarms. Hubble Space Telescope images of Seyfert galaxies are used. Themorphology of the straight features on scales of few hundred parsecsproves to be similar to the morphology of disc-wide polygonal spiralsand rings. This suggests that the straight structures on both nuclearand disc scales may have a common physical nature.

Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups
In this paper we describe the Nearby Optical Galaxy (NOG) sample, whichis a complete, distance-limited (cz<=6000 km s-1) andmagnitude-limited (B<=14) sample of ~7000 optical galaxies. Thesample covers 2/3 (8.27 sr) of the sky (|b|>20deg) andappears to have a good completeness in redshift (97%). We select thesample on the basis of homogenized corrected total blue magnitudes inorder to minimize systematic effects in galaxy sampling. We identify thegroups in this sample by means of both the hierarchical and thepercolation ``friends-of-friends'' methods. The resulting catalogs ofloose groups appear to be similar and are among the largest catalogs ofgroups currently available. Most of the NOG galaxies (~60%) are found tobe members of galaxy pairs (~580 pairs for a total of ~15% of objects)or groups with at least three members (~500 groups for a total of ~45%of objects). About 40% of galaxies are left ungrouped (field galaxies).We illustrate the main features of the NOG galaxy distribution. Comparedto previous optical and IRAS galaxy samples, the NOG provides a densersampling of the galaxy distribution in the nearby universe. Given itslarge sky coverage, the identification of groups, and its high-densitysampling, the NOG is suited to the analysis of the galaxy density fieldof the nearby universe, especially on small scales.

Kinematics of the local universe. VII. New 21-cm line measurements of 2112 galaxies
This paper presents 2112 new 21-cm neutral hydrogen line measurementscarried out with the meridian transit Nan\c cay radiotelescope. Amongthese data we give also 213 new radial velocities which complement thoselisted in three previous papers of this series. These new measurements,together with the HI data collected in LEDA, put to 6 700 the number ofgalaxies with 21-cm line width, radial velocity, and apparent diameterin the so-called KLUN sample. Figure 5 and Appendices A and B forcorresponding comments are available in electronic form at thehttp://www.edpsciences.com

Total magnitude, radius, colour indices, colour gradients and photometric type of galaxies
We present a catalogue of aperture photometry of galaxies, in UBVRI,assembled from three different origins: (i) an update of the catalogueof Buta et al. (1995) (ii) published photometric profiles and (iii)aperture photometry performed on CCD images. We explored different setsof growth curves to fit these data: (i) The Sersic law, (ii) The net ofgrowth curves used for the preparation of the RC3 and (iii) A linearinterpolation between the de Vaucouleurs (r(1/4) ) and exponential laws.Finally we adopted the latter solution. Fitting these growth curves, wederive (1) the total magnitude, (2) the effective radius, (3) the colourindices and (4) gradients and (5) the photometric type of 5169 galaxies.The photometric type is defined to statistically match the revisedmorphologic type and parametrizes the shape of the growth curve. It iscoded from -9, for very concentrated galaxies, to +10, for diffusegalaxies. Based in part on observations collected at the Haute-ProvenceObservatory.

The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies
The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies (CSRG) is a comprehensivecompilation of diameters, axis ratios, relative bar position angles, andmorphologies of inner and outer rings, pseudorings, and lenses in 3692galaxies south of declination -17 deg. The purpose of the catalog is toevaluate the idea that these ring phenomena are related to orbitalresonances with a bar or oval in galaxy potentials. The catalog is basedon visual inspection of most of the 606 fields of the Science ResearchCouncil (SRC) IIIa-J southern sky survey, with the ESO-B, ESO-R, andPalomar Sky surveys used as auxiliaries when needed for overexposed coreregions. The catalog is most complete for SRC fields 1-303 (mostly southof declination -42 deg). In addition to ringed galaxies, a list of 859mostly nonringed galaxies intended for comparison with other catalogs isprovided. Other findings from the CSRG that are not based on statisticsare the identification of intrinsic bar/ring misalignment; bars whichunderfill inner rings; dimpling of R'1pseudorings; pointy, rectangular, or hexagonal inner or outer ringshapes; a peculiar polar-ring-related system; and other extreme examplesof spiral structure and ring morphology.

Surface photometry of the Hydra I cluster of galaxies. I - Photometric data
Surface photometry was made for 137 galaxies on a UK Schmidt plate whosecenter is located at the center of the Hydra I (A1060 ) cluster ofgalaxies. For 133 of the 137 galaxies, such photometric parameters astotal magnitude, equivalent radius, concentration indices, and meansurface brightness were obtained. The total magnitudes were comparedwith those in the literature to check the accuracy of the present data.The estimated accuracy in the total magnitudes is about 0.1 mag at mostfor majority of the galaxies.

Metric characteristics of nuclear rings and related features in spiral galaxies
The metric properties of nuclear rings, pseudorings, spirals, and barsare discussed in the context of resonance theory and are used to gaugethe range of sizes for such features. The nuclear rings and pseudoringsof strongly barred SB and SAB galaxies have a wide range in lineardiameter; the mean diameter is about 1.1 kpc for a sample of 20 objects.We suggest that there are clear analogs of the nuclear rings of stronglybarred spirals in both weakly barred (SAB) and nonbarred (SA) spirals.The size ratios of nuclear rings with respect to outer rings andpseudorings, as well as morphological characteristics, are bestexplained if outer rings and pseudorings are linked to the outerLindblad resonance, and nuclear rings, pseudorings, and spirals arelinked to the inner Lindblad resonance. Nuclear bars are oftenassociated with nuclear rings and spirals, but also can existindependently of such features. We present a list of 13 double-barredgalaxies and discuss the significance of the phase angle of the nuclearbar with respect to the primary bar.

General study of group membership. II - Determination of nearby groups
We present a whole sky catalog of nearby groups of galaxies taken fromthe Lyon-Meudon Extragalactic Database. From the 78,000 objects in thedatabase, we extracted a sample of 6392 galaxies, complete up to thelimiting apparent magnitude B0 = 14.0. Moreover, in order to considersolely the galaxies of the local universe, all the selected galaxieshave a known recession velocity smaller than 5500 km/s. Two methods wereused in group construction: a Huchra-Geller (1982) derived percolationmethod and a Tully (1980) derived hierarchical method. Each method gaveus one catalog. These were then compared and synthesized to obtain asingle catalog containing the most reliable groups. There are 485 groupsof a least three members in the final catalog.

Integrated photometric properties of early type ringed galaxies
In order to elucidate the structure and evolution of barred and ovalgalaxies, over 300 of the more than 1000 galaxies in the current versionof the Catalog of Southern ringed Galaxies are subclassified intoring/pseudoring categories. Photoelectric multicolor photometry of 29ringed galaxies showing outer rings and pseudorings of the suspectedouter Lindblad resonance types reveals nothing unusual about the globalstar formation rates. The galaxies have relatively normal colors fortheir type but slightly lower than average surface brightnesses. It isdemonstrated that integrated colors (V-R)T and(V-I)T can be derived reasonably well by using standard RC2color curves originally designed for (B-V)T and(U-B)T determinations. A comparison between the presentintegrated photoelectric parameters and those in the ESO-LV data basereveals good agreement on B-band magnitudes but not total R-bandmagnitudes or B-R colors.

Groups of galaxies within 80 Mpc. II - The catalogue of groups and group members
This paper gives a catalog of the groups and associations obtained bymeans of a revised hierarchical algorithm applied to a sample of 4143galaxies with diameters larger than 100 arcsec and redshifts smallerthan 6000 km/s. The 264 groups of galaxies obtained in this way (andwhich contain at least three sample galaxies) are listed, with the looseassociations surrounding them and the individual members of eachaggregate as well; moreover, the location of every entity among 13regions corresponding roughly to superclusters is specified. Finally,1729 galaxies belong to the groups, and 466 to the associations, i.e.,the total fraction of galaxies within the various aggregates amounts to53 percent.

Optical identifications of IRAS point sources - The Fornax, Hydra I and Coma clusters
Optical identifications are presented for 66 IRAS point sources in theregion of the Fornax cluster of galaxies, 106 IRAS point sources in theregion of the Hydra I cluster of galaxies (Abell 1060), and 59 IRASpoint sources in the region of the Coma cluster of galaxies (Abell1656). Eight other sources in Hydra I do not have optical counterpartsand are very probably due to IR cirrus. Twenty-three (35 percent) of theFornax sources are associated with stars and 43 (65 percent) withgalaxies; 48 (42 percent) of the Hydra I sources are associated withstars and 58 (51 percent) with galaxies; 18 (31 percent) of the Comasources are associated with stars and 41 (69 percent) with galaxies. Thestellar and infrared cirrus surface density is consistent with thegalactic latitude of each field.

A wide angle redshift survey of the Hydra-Centaurus region
Spectroscopic observations of 266 galaxies in the Hya-Cen region arereported. Redshift data obtained at 350-700 nm with dispersion 21 nm/mmusing the UNIT spectrograph and RPCS detector on the 1.9-m RadcliffeReflector telescope at SAO during March 1985, May 1986, and March 1987are presented in tables and graphs and briefly characterized. It isshown that the Hya supercluster is separated from the Cen superclusterby a large void at right ascension 11 h 40 min, declination -35 deg, andradial velocity 5200 km/sec; a bridge of galaxies at velocity about 3200km/sec connects the two superclusters.

The Hydra I cluster of galaxies. V - A catalogue of galaxies in the cluster area
The available information for 581 galaxies in the area of the Hydra I (= Abell 1060) cluster is compiled into a catalog. Positions, magnitudes,diameters, position angles, radial velocities, and morphological typesare given. A first determination of the luminosity function of Hydra Iis attempted. An assessment of the photometric errors in the isophotalmagnitudes is included.

The structure and dynamics of ringed galaxies. I - The morphology of galaxy rings, and statistics of their apparent shapes, relative sizes, and apparent orientations with respect to bars.
The morphologic, metric, photometric, and kinematic properties of ringedgalaxies are described. Physical insights which can be gained into alltypes of rings purely from their morphology and from statistical studiesof their apparent shapes, relative sizes, and apparent orientations withrespect to bars are addressed. It is concluded that inner rings inbarred (SB) and weakly barred galaxies possess a wide range of intrinsicaxis ratios, and that outer rings in barred galaxies possess a narrowerrange of intrinsic axis ratios. The distribution of apparent relativebar/ring position angles for SB outer rings strongly suggests that suchrings have two preferred intrinsic alignment modes with respect to bars:a dominant perpendicular mode and a parallel mode. The nature of ringsis further explored using detailed photometry and spectroscopy and NGC1433, one of the nearest and largest examples of a ringed, barredspiral. UBVRI photographic surface photometry and H-alpha interferometryare presented for this object and are compared with the theory ofresonance rings and barred spirals.

Southern Galaxy Catalogue.
Not Available

Objectively determined pitch angles of spiral galaxies in the light of competing theories concerning the spiral structure
Subjective criteria play a more important part in studies of galaxiesthan in other areas of astrophysics. Problems arise in connection withthe determination of the pitch angle. This parameter represents acrucial quantity for each theory of the spiral structure. Adetermination of the pitch angle on the basis of a procedure which is asobjective as possible can, therefore, make a contribution towards adecision with respect to the competing theories of the spiral structure.The present investigation is concerned with such a determination. Thedigitizing of galaxy images on the Schmidt plates of the ESO(B) Surveyis discussed, and an objective determination of the pitch angle isdescribed. The two competing theories regarding spiral formation,including the density wave theory reported by Lin et al. (1969) and theconcept of stochastic self propagating star formation considered byGerola and Seiden (1978), are evaluated on the basis of the obtainedpitch angle data. It is found that the agreement between theory andempirical data is significantly more satisfactory in the case of theconcept of stochastic star formation.

A study of low surface brightness spiral galaxies. II Optical surface photometry, infrared photometry, and H II region spectrophotometry
In connection with the existence of spiral galaxies having anomalouslylow surface brightness disks, the question arises concerning the reasonsfor this phenomenon, taking into account the fact that these spiralshave total luminosities comparable to the majority of 'normal' galaxies.By studying these 'anomalous' galaxies, it is hoped to learn more aboutthe general process of galaxy evolution. A limited number ofrepresentative low surface brightness (LSB) galaxies has been selectedfor study by various techniques. The present investigation is concernedwith the results of an extensive program conducted to obtainphotographic surface photometry, optical and infrared aperturephotometry, and spectroscopic observations of selected H II regions fora significant sample of LSB spiral galaxies.

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Right ascension:10h37m25.70s
Aparent dimensions:3.631′ × 2.692′

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NGC 2000.0NGC 3313

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