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|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|Galaxy coordinates. II. Accurate equatorial coordinates for 17298 galaxies|
Using images of the Digitized Sky Survey we measured coodinates for17298 galaxies having poorly defined coordinates. As a control, wemeasured with the same method 1522 galaxies having accurate coordinates.The comparison with our own measurements shows that the accuracy of themethod is about 6 arcsec on each axis (RA and DEC).
|The reality of anomalous redshifts in the spectra of some QSOs and its implications.|
The evidence for the physical association of close pairs involvingbright QSOs with large redshifts and bright nearby galaxies with smallredshifts, is reviewed and, in Table 1, a list of the best cases isgiven. It is shown that in a series of statistical studies usingcatalogs of QSOs and catalogs of galaxies, very strong correlations ofhigh redshift radio QSOs have been found successively with (o) [a.] TheShapley Ames Catalog of the brightest galaxies. Here the correlation iswith powerful radio QSOs with S>=9Jy (0.4GHz). The result issignificant at the 7-10σ level. (o) [b.] The Bright Galaxy Catalog(z<=0.05). Here the QSO sample is dominated by radio emitting QSOs,largely identified from the 3CR, Molonglo, Parkes, and 4C radiocatalogs. (o) [c.] The galaxies in the Lick Catalog (m<~17,z<~0.2). Again the sample of QSOs is a radio sample. (o) [d.] TheIRAS galaxy catalogs, where some fraction of the galaxies may have z upto 0.4, and where a few galaxies may be identical in position with theQSOs, but where the larger fraction have much smaller redshifts than theQSOs. Again the QSO sample is a radio sample. (o) [e.] Finally strongcorrelations on scales <~10' have been found between opticallybright, high redshift radio loud QSOs and the diffuse X-ray emissionseen by ROSAT. Bartelmann et al. (1994) believe that this diffuse X-rayemission is due to galaxy clusters at redshifts significantly less thanthe observed redshifts of the QSOs.
|Associations between quasi-stellar objects and galaxies|
A table is presented here listing all close pairs of QSOs and galaxiesthat were found in a computer-aided search of catalogs of QSOs andbright galaxies and an extensive search of the literature. There is alarge excess of pairs with separations of 2 arcmin lor less, or about 60kpc, over the numbers expected if the configurations were accidental.The angular separation for 392 pairs adds to the evidence for physicalassociation, and it is shown that selection effects are not important. Ageneral rule is stated that QSOs tend to lie in the vicinity of normalgalaxies much more often than is expected by chance whether or not thegalaxies and the QSOs have the same redshifts. It is emphasized thatthis rule cannot be explained in terms of gravitational microlensing,and it is concluded that some part of the redshift of all classes ofactive nuclei is not associated with the expansion of the universe.
|A search for QSOs in the fields of nearby galaxies. II - NGC 55, 253, 300 and 5364|
The results of a search for QSOs in the fields of NGC 55, 253, 300, and5364, using low-dispersion objective-prism plates (obtained in 20-minexposures with the UK Schmidt Telescope Unit at Coonabarabran,Australia, during 1979-1982) and low-dispersion spectroscopy (obtainedusing the 1.9-m reflector at SAAO in August 1983), are reported. Data on12 candidate objects, of which nine are identified as QSOs with Bmagnitudes 16.1-18.6, are compiled in extensive tables and graphs andbriefly characterized; finding charts are provided.
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